Asereth Iqqarei HaEmunah: The Ten Articles of Faith

The Karaites began to be a unified front, of sorts, during the Middle Ages. The dictum which united all Karaites-  purported to be from ‘Anan ben David- was

חַפִּשׂוּ בְאֹורַיְיתָא שַׁפִּיר וְאַל תִּשָּׁעֲנוּ עַל דַּעְתִּי- Search in the Torah thoroughly and do not support yourself with my opinion.

Eventually, the Karaites settled on 10 Articles of Faith called the Asereth Iqqarei HaEmunah [עֲשֶׂרֶת עִקָּרֵי הָאֱמוּנָה]. These articles are enumerated as follows

Asereth Iqqarei HaEmunah [עֲשֶׂרֶת עִקָּרֵי הָאֱמוּנָה]

א׃ אֲנִי מַאֲמִין בֶּאֱמוּנָה שְׁלֵמָה כִי יֵשׁ אֱלוֹהַ אֶחָד קַדְמוֹן וְנִצְחִי בִלְתִי נִבְרֹא לֹא מֵעַצְמֹו וְלֹא מִזוּלָתוֹ וְהוּא הָיָה וְהוֹיֶה וְיִהְיֶה

Alef: I believe in perfect faith that there is One Ancient, Eternal Deity uncreated, from himself or from any other; He Was, Is, and Shall Be

ב׃ וְהוּא אֵינֶנוּ גוּף וְהוּא אֵין לוֹ דְמוּת כְּכָל הַנִּבְרָאִים

Beth: He has no body and no form like any of the created beings

ג׃ וְהוּא אֲשֶׁר בָּרָא אֶת כָּל הָעוֹלָם מִלֹא דָבָר

Gimel: He it is Who created the entire Universe from nothing

ד׃ וְהוּא שָׁלַח אֶת מֹשֶׁה עַבְדֹּו לְנָבִיא אֶמֶת

Daleth: He sent his servant Moshe as a true prophet

ה׃ וְנָתָן לָנוּ עַל יַד מֹשֶׁה אֶת תֹּורָתֹו הַקְּדֹושָׁה עַל הַר סִינַי

He: He gave us, by the hand of Moshe, His Holy Torah on Mount Sinai

ו׃ וְנָתָן הַבֹּורֵא אֶת רוּחַ קָדְשֹׁו גַם עַל שְׁאַר נְבִיאֵי אֶמֶת וּשְׁלָחֵם לִבְנֵי אָדָם לְהֹורֹותָם אֶת דְּרָכָיו וּלְהָדְרִיכָם בְּדֶרֶך אֶמֶת

Waw: The Creator also set His Holy Spirit upon the remaining true prophets and sent them to the children of Adam to instruct them with His Paths and to guide them in the true Path

ז׃ וּבִלְשֹׁון הָעִבְרִי נִתְּנָה תוֹרַת הָאֱלֹהִים וְלָכֵן חוֹב לִלְמוֹד וְלַהֲגוֹת לְשׁוֹן הַתּוֹרָה וּבִאוּרָהּ

Zayin: And in the Hebrew Language in which the Torah of Elohim was given; therefore, it is an obligation to learn and to study the language of the Torah and its exegesis

ח׃ וְכִי הוּא יִתְעַלֶּה וַיְּחַיֶּה אֶת בְּנֵי אָדָם בְּיוֹם הַדִּין

Heth: And that He raises to life the children of Adam on the Day of Judgement

ט׃ וְהוּא רוֹאֶה וְיוֹדֵעַ אֶת הַכֹּל וְגוֹמֵל טוֹב לְעוֹשֵׂי רְצוֹנוֹ וּמַעֲנִישׁ לְעוֹבְרֵי רְצוֹנוֹ

Teth: He sees and knows everything and recompenses good to those who do His will and punishes those who transgress His will.

י׃ וְהוּא יִשְׁלַח אֶת מְשִׁיחַ צֶדֶק מִזֶּרַע דָּוִד וִיקַבֵּץ נִדְחֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וִידַבֵּר שָׁלוֹם לַגוֹיִם וְיַהֲפוֹךְ אֶל עַמִים שָׂפָה בְרוּרָה לִקְרֹא כֻלָם בְּשֵׁם יְהֹוָה לְעַבְדוֹ שְׁכֶם אֶחָד וְאָז יִהְיוּ כָל בּנֵי אָדָם כִּבְנֵי אִישׁ אֶחָד בְּאַהֲבָה וּבְשָׁלוֹם לֹא יִשָׁא גוֹי אֶל גוֹי חֶרֶב וְלֹא יִלְמְדוּ עוֹד מִלְחָמָה כִּ֚י תִּמָּלֵ֣א הָאָ֔רֶץ לָדַ֖עַת אֶת־כְּבֹ֣וד יְהוָ֑ה כַּמַּ֖יִם יְכַסּ֥וּ עַל־יָֽם׃

Yodh: And He will send the true Messiah from the seed of David and he will gather the outcast of Israel and speak Peace to the nations and exchange a Pure Language for the peoples, so all may call upon the name of YHWH and to worship Him in one accord; then shall all the sons of Adam be as the sons of one man- in love and peace. Nation will not lift up a sword against nation nor will they learn war anymore- for the Earth will be filled with the knowledge of the glory of YHWH as the waters cover the sea.

(Extracted from ָAddereth Eliyahu [Elijah’s Mantle] written by the Karaite Hakham Elijah ben Moses Bashyazi of Adrianople as posted in Petah Tikva Constantinople 1831 page 38; edited and translated by Ya’aqov ben Yisrael).