I find it absolutely amazing that the first woman was named Hawwah. Mitochondrial DNA is passed only from mother to child; mitochondria is the powerhouse of all living cells. Without mitochondrial DNA, no life would be possible.
Bereshith 1, 27 וַיִּבְרָ֨א אֱלֹהִ֤ים׀ אֶת־הָֽאָדָם֙ בְּצַלְמֹ֔ו בְּצֶ֥לֶם אֱלֹהִ֖ים בָּרָ֣א אֹתֹ֑ו זָכָ֥ר וּנְקֵבָ֖ה בָּרָ֥א אֹתָֽם׃
So Elohim created the Man [adam] in his image, in the image of Elohim, he created him; male and female he created them.
This was on the 6th day of creation; according to chapter two, Adam was created before the other creation was yet present upon the earth- which could be explained in many different ways. What is clear, from the second chapter, is that the male was created first- then the female from the male. Every human male born today is born with two specific sex chromosomes- X and Y. The X chromosome is the specific female sex chromosome and the Y is the specific male sex chromosome. Females inherit one X chromosome from their mothers and one X chromosome from their fathers; the males inherit the X chromosome from their mothers and the Y from their fathers. It was this X chromosome, in my opinion, which was separated from the first male to create the female- not a rib. It is genetically impossible for a male to come from a female as there will be no Y chromosome to form the man—the opposite, however, is not true; a woman can be formed from a male as the woman is simply the combination of two X chromosomes. Thus the first woman was an exact genetic clone of the male minus the Y chromosome.
וַיַּפֵּל֩ יְהֹוָ֨ה אֱלֹהִ֧ים ׀ תַּרְדֵּמָ֛ה עַל־הָֽאָדָ֖ם וַיִּישָׁ֑ן וַיִּקַּ֗ח אַחַת֙ מִצַּלְעֹתָ֔יו וַיִּסְגֹּ֥ר בָּשָׂ֖ר תַּחְתֶּֽנָּה׃
And YHWH God made Adam fall into a deep sleep, and he slept; and He took one from his [tzela’], and closed up the flesh.
The Hebrew word, צֶלַע tzela’ meant also a chamber, or side-chamber וְהַצְּלָעוֹת֩ צֵלָ֨ע אֶל־צֵלָ֜ע שָׁל֧וֹשׁ וּשְׁלֹשִׁ֣ים פְּעָמִ֗ים וּ֠בָאוֹת בַּקִּ֨יר אֲשֶׁר־לַבַּ֧יִת לַצְּלָע֛וֹת סָבִ֥יב ׀ סָבִ֖יב לִֽהְי֣וֹת אֲחוּזִ֑ים וְלֹֽא־יִֽהְי֥וּ אֲחוּזִ֖ים בְּקִ֥יר הַבָּֽיִת׃
And the [tzela’oth] were [tzala’] to [tzala’] thirty three times; and there were recesses in the wall which was of the house for the side chambers around, that they might have hold, so that they were not fastened into the wall of the house. Ezekiel 41:6 The following is an interesting commentary on this verse from Rabbi Shlomo Yitzchaki [Rashi]
“צלע אל צלע. Cell to cell and cell to cell.
שלוש ושלשים פעמים. But in the Second Temple, there were thirty-eight: fifteen in the north, and fifteen in the south – five upon five, and five atop them – and eight in the west. [The term] צלע [tzela’] is synonymous with [yatzi’a] יציע and with [ta] תא. I say that the cells in the north and the south were arranged as follows: each one was twelve cubits long, totaling sixty cubits for five cells, and five walls of five cubits each, totaling 85. The width of the cleared space was five cubits. Thus you have accounted for ninety cubits of the length of the wall, and so to the south. Those in the west were one on top of another, and a third atop them, and their length across their top was twenty cubits, paralleling the width of the Holy of Holies, making eleven in each row. So did Jonathan render: eleven in a row.”
The word [yatzi’a] יציע is used in 1 Kings 6:5 which described the same structures in the Temple of Solomon
וַיִּבֶן֩ עַל־קִ֨יר הַבַּ֤יִת יצוע [יָצִ֨יעַ֙] סָבִ֔יב אֶת־קִיר֤וֹת הַבַּ֨יִת֙ סָבִ֔יב לַֽהֵיכָ֖ל וְלַדְּבִ֑יר וַיַּ֥עַשׂ צְלָע֖וֹת סָבִֽיב׃
And against the wall of the house he built a [yatzi’a] around the walls of the house, both of the temple and of the sanctuary; and he made [tzela’oth] around
It is- more than likely- from, this word the Latin cella came from. In Latin, cella meant chamber and this word passed into English as cell. “Cells were discovered by Robert Hooke in 1665, who named them for their resemblance to cells inhabited by Christian monks in a monastery.” Wikipedia
In verse 21, it used the plural tsal’oth, but in verse 22 it used the singular. We can, therefore, substitute the word cell for tsela’ in these verses:
And YHWH God caused a deep sleep to fall upon the man, and he slept; and He took one of his cells, and closed up the place with flesh instead thereof. And the cell, which YHWH God had taken from the man, built He a woman, and brought her unto the man. And the man said: ‘This is substance/essence of my substance/essence, and flesh of my flesh; she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man.’